Formation of Diamonds
Scientists have recently discovered that diamonds have been forming for over 3 billion years, deep within the earth. Although the exact formation process is not known, scientists have estimated the procedure.
- Carbon dioxide is present 100 miles beneath the Earth’s surface.
- The carbon dioxide is heated to over 2000 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Then, it is squeezed under extreme pressure.
- Finally, it is rushed to the Earth’s surface where it cools, possibly through volcanic eruptions.
Although many diamonds are formed naturally, there is also a process of synthetically making diamonds. One way to synthetically produce a diamond is to expose extreme heat and pressure to graphite, which is also completely made up of carbon. This process takes a couple of days and a metallic solution is also mixed in with the graphite, so the diamonds are not quite as clean as a real diamond. Another diamond producing method called chemical vapor deposition involves placing a small diamond into a chamber that uses a microwave beam to zap natural gas into the diamond. The gas is tremendously heated and carbon falls down onto the diamond, which creates a perfect diamond in less than twenty-four hours.