General Biology 101
General Biology 102
Developmental Biology 406
Animals as Organisms 209
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Office Hours:
As of August 1, 2008 I will be retired from teaching at Shepherd. I continue as a Research Professor of Biology. My telephone and email will remain the same for the time being. When on campus, I may be found in BY201.

Campus Telephone Number:
(304) 876-5357

B.A. Biology, Austin College, Sherman, Texas 1965

Ph.D. Zoology, University of Oklahoma, Norman 1970


Major students interested in continuing their education leading to careers in health related professions such as Medicine, Dentistry and Veterinary Medicine. PRE-PROFESSIONAL STUDIES For information about medical schools and medical education in the United States and Canada, go to the Association of American Medical Colleges Academic Medicine Web Site at


Research Interests:

I am interested in the biology of slime molds, most particularly cellular slime molds or dictyostelids. I have a continuing project to discover the variety, the distribution and occurrence of cellular slime molds world-wide. To this end, I have made collections of dictyostelids from many parts of the United States, including Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico as well as Canada, the Bahamas, Mexico, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Peru, Brazil, Guinea and Ecuador in the new world and from the Russian Far East, Thailand, Guam, Tahiti, New Zealand and Macquarie Island in Asia and the Pacific. I would like to understand more about the natural history and ecology of slime molds.

Biology major students who wish to do so are welcome to consider designing a required research project (BIOL 415) or an elective project associated with slime mold biology under my direction and with my cooperation.


For more information and links concerning slime molds, go to the Myxo Web Page at


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