General Biology 101
General Biology 102
Developmental Biology 406
Animals as Organisms 209
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This course is one required for completion of a Biology Major at Shepherd College. It is also a course that may be taken as an elective for the Biology Minor. Prerequisites for this course include Cell Biology and Genetics. BIOL 406 may be taken concurrently with Genetics.

The current texts for the course are: Developmental Biology, 5th Edition by Scott Gilbert and Patterns and Experiments in Developmental Biology 2nd Edition by Johnson (and Volpe). Each student is expected to have ready access to both texts. Readings and assignments in both will be given on a regular basis.

One reason that the Gilbert text was selected for the course is that there is an Internet Web Page (“Zygote”) maintained by the same author which provides a supplement to the information that appears in the textbook. The textbook contains many “URL” references to this web page. The URL for this web page is:

There are several other Internet resources which will prove useful to us during the semester. They include:

Let me know if you need any help in accessing this Internet material.

There will be at least 5 major exams given during the course of the semester. Each will be weighted at 50 points. At least four of these exams will consist of a combination of objective and short essay questions concerning the subject matter of the course covered (in lecture, in readings and in lab work) during the previous 3-4 weeks. One of these 50 point exams will be a practical examination of the anatomy of the early chick embryo administered after a special treatment of the subject during several lab periods set aside for this purpose.

The (VERY) tentative dates for these exams are as follows:

Exam #1 Friday, February 11
Exam #2 Wednesday, March 8
Chick Anatomy Practical Exam Thursday April 8
Exam #3 Friday, April 14
Exam #4 During Final Exam Week (Wednesday, May 8, 12 noon)

In addition to these exams, each studentís final grade in the course will be influenced by a 50 point, “course participation” component. Students who attend each and every scheduled class meeting (lecture and lab) and who turn in all assignments in a timely fashion will retain all 50 points. One point will be deducted for any absence, or tardiness of more than 15 minutes. One or more points will be deducted for failure to generate and/or to turn in assigned material in a timely manner. Any point lost due to rare, unavoidable reasons should not make a difference in a studentís grade in the course. Generally, the number of “course participation” points retained by each student will equal or exceed the average score on the exams. As such, this component of course evaluation tends to reinforce or improve the grade of students that would be based on written exams alone. Students with excessive absences may lose this fortifying influence.

At the end of the semester, a final letter grade in the course will be assigned on the basis of the percentage of the total exam/participation points that a student has accumulated, using the following 10 percentage point scale:

90-100% = A
80-90% = B
70-80% = C
60-70% = D
Below 60% = F

Regular and faithful attendance together with careful attention to course work is essential to successful completion of the course. I expect all students to be in attendance, settled in and ready to begin class activities as soon as the class is scheduled to begin. Make-up work or exams will be provided only in cases of extreme, can be documented, emergency situations or where other course-related activities may be in conflict. Another IMPORTANT policy: Turn off all cell phones or pagers during lecture and lab sessions.

There is an “official” College “snow” policy which I will follow. In the early part of the semester, weather may create some special problems for commuter students. I am a fairly reasonable and understanding person with regard to such situations and I would expect each commuter student to use common sense and reasonable caution in dealing with weather-related travel concerns.

My office hours are posted by my office door at room 113 in the new wing of Snyder Hall. NOTE: I will be moving my office to Rm. 214 in the Fall 2000.

My campus phone number with voice mail is 876-5357.

My e-mail address is

Note: Sometimes voice mail and e-mail messages are not posted for several hours after they have been placed.

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