There is a diverse range of wildlife within Shenandoah National Park. The park serves as a haven for amphibians, birds, fish, insects, spiders, centipedes, millipedes, mammals, other invertebrates, and reptiles. There are over 200 resident and transient bird species, over 50 species of mammals, 51 reptile and amphibian species, and 39 fish species found in the park.

Visitors to the park often like to keep an eye out for creatures such as deer, bear, bobcats, and racoons. Many people believe that the wildlife creatures in the park are tame because they act so calm around humans and will wonder through campsites and picnic grounds, but they are not. They are still wild animals and need to be treated as such. These animals will defend their young and their territory, so people need to be careful around them.

For more information on the wildlife in the park and the individual species, visit this page.